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What Is Accounts Receivable Factoring?

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When a business has an unpaid customer invoice but can’t wait 30 to 90 days for a payment, accounts receivable factoring may offer a solution.

Here’s how it works: The business owner sells an invoice to a factoring company, which pays the business owner a large percentage of the invoice as an advance. The factoring company follows up with the customer for payment. After receiving it, the factoring company pays the business the remainder of the invoice amount, minus fees.

This financing method — also known as invoice factoring or factoring receivables — allows companies to quickly access cash they have earned. Since it isn’t technically a loan, it can be a good option for business owners with bad credit or short credit histories.

Could accounts receivable factoring help your business bridge cash-flow gaps? Here’s what you need to know.

How much does accounts receivable factoring cost?

Factoring companies set prices based on the value of the accounts receivable. Sometimes factoring companies charge flat rates regardless of how long it takes them to recoup payment on the invoice. Others charge variable rates: The longer your customers take to pay the invoice, the more you’ll owe.

First, most factoring companies pay most of the value of the invoice in advance. Advance amounts vary depending on the industry, but can be as much or more than 90%.

After that, a factor might say they charge 2% of the value of the invoice per month. If your customer pays within the first month, the factoring company will charge you 2% of the value; if it takes them three months to pay, the factoring company will charge 6% of the value.

Some factors charge weekly rates instead of monthly ones. For instance, if a factoring company charges 1% per week and your client takes four weeks to pay, you’ll owe 4%.

“Recourse factoring” means you’ll have to pay the factoring company if your customer doesn’t. “Nonrecourse factoring” means that the factoring company accepts those potential losses. Nonrecourse factors generally come with higher costs because the factoring company assumes more risk.

Will I qualify for accounts receivable factoring?

To qualify for accounts receivable factoring services, business owners need to have established invoicing practices that give details about sales, prices and payment timelines. Invoices need to be for completed work, not work in progress. Customers also need to be other businesses or government agencies, not individual buyers.

Many (but not all) factoring companies require businesses to have been in business for a certain amount of time and have a minimum amount of monthly or annual revenue.

The owner’s credit score doesn’t determine creditworthiness in accounts receivable factoring. Since lenders earn money by recouping payment from businesses’ customers, not businesses themselves, factors focus on the creditworthiness of those customers instead. This can make factoring a good option for businesses with bad credit or startups with short credit histories.

How is this different from accounts receivable financing?

Accounts receivable factoring is not the same as accounts receivable financing, despite their similar names.

Accounts receivable financing (also called invoice financing) is a type of loan that uses unpaid invoices as collateral. Business owners receive financing based on the value of their accounts receivable. After invoices are paid, businesses pay lenders back, with fees.

Factoring is typically more expensive than financing since the factoring company takes responsibility for collecting on the invoice. In the case of nonrecourse factoring, they also accept the losses if the invoice goes unpaid.

With accounts receivable financing, on the other hand, business owners retain all those responsibilities.

How do I find an accounts receivable factoring company?

Some small business lenders offer this service, including online lenders like BlueVine. There are also lots of established factoring companies that specialize in certain industries or geographies.

Factoring costs can vary significantly from one company to another, so expect to reach out for a quote. After approval, many factoring companies can provide financing within a matter of days.

Once you develop a relationship with a factoring company, you can return to them again and again. However, the factor will evaluate each of your customers for creditworthiness before deciding whether to factor those invoices.

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Finance & Accounting

Tax Article: Tax Guide for Self-Employed

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Self-employed workers have a lot on their plate. Taxes, paperwork, and other administrative tasks can be complicated to navigate. If you’re looking for a tax guide for self-employed workers, this blog post is your one-stop shop. We’ll cover everything from what the IRS considers self-employment income to tips for filing taxes as an independent contractor. It’s time to simplify your life with our guide.

Are You a Self-Employed Individual?

Many businesses hire workers on a contract basis to perform specific types of labor. Instead of getting a W-2 with taxes withheld, these individuals receive a 1099-MISC or 1099-NEC for their work for the company. In some cases, independent contractors are hired to perform specific tasks such as grocery shopping and delivery, transportation of passengers, and picking up food orders on behalf of other individuals or businesses. Additionally, those who conduct freelance labor are typically required to work under the terms of a written agreement. Consequently, you may be eligible to deduct expenses such as home office expenses, gas expenses, and mileage charges from your tax return.

If you work for yourself and are not an employee, you will pay taxes in a slightly different manner from that of an employee. In your capacity as a self-employed individual, you are responsible for paying federal income taxes and Social Security and Medicare taxes on your own time, either through quarterly anticipated tax payments or when you file your annual tax return. If your estimated tax payments are excessive, you will be entitled to a refund; if they are too small, you will be liable to pay tax on the difference.

Taxes on income must be paid at the time of earning it. If you do not pay enough tax during the year, you may be assessed fines. If your total self-employment income is at least $400, you must file a tax return with the IRS. Comparatively speaking, if you are an employee, you will have these payments routinely deducted from your income and partially paid for you by your employer.

You are essentially self if you carry on a trade or business or own and operate your own business, whether full-time or part-time, for-profit or profit-sharing. A self-employed individual can work as a sole proprietorship, an independent contractor, or a freelancer in their field of expertise. It does not matter whether you are paid in cash and do not receive a 1099-MISC or 1099-NEC; you are still deemed self-employed.

1. Sole Proprietor

As a sole proprietor, your business income and costs should be reported on your tax return Schedule C. Taxes on your self-employment earnings, such as Social Security and Medicare, will be your responsibility.

2. Partnerships and Corporations

If you have a business partner, you would most likely register as a partnership or corporation, depending on your circumstances. A partnership must submit an information return, but it is not required to pay federal income tax in most cases. Information returns are tax forms (the most common of which is Form W-2) that businesses and taxpayers must file with the Internal Revenue Service to record certain business transactions to the agency. Typically, Form K-1 is used to submit to the federal government an individual’s share of the partnership and S-corporation revenue that they received.

Unlike a sole proprietorship or a partnership, a C-corporation is considered an independent tax-paying business for federal tax reasons. That implies the company may be able to take advantage of particular tax benefits. It also means that the profit it makes is taxed at the corporate level, then taxed again on the recipient’s tax return if handed to shareholders as a dividend.

S-corporations are similar to partnerships in that their profits are usually reported on your tax return. However, they are identical to C-corporations in that the owner is generally paid a salary, and payroll taxes are withheld at the corporate level. At the end of the year, you may receive a Form W-2 detailing some or all of your earnings.

One of the benefits of being an S-corporation is that the taxpayer can set their remuneration, as long as the criteria are followed. However, because wages are subject to payroll taxes, there might be significant financial consequences if a person underpays himself when the business is profitable.

How to File Self Employment Taxes

Individuals who work for themselves are subject to the self-employment tax, which comprises Social Security and Medicare levies. It’s comparable to how most wage earners’ Social Security and Medicare taxes are deducted from their salary.

Schedule SE is used to calculate self-employment tax (SE tax) (Form 1040 or 1040-SR). Most wage earners’ Social Security and Medicare taxes are calculated by their employers. Also, when calculating your adjusted gross income, you can deduct the employer-equivalent share of your SE tax. Wage workers cannot remove taxes on Social Security and Medicare.

The tax rate on self-employment is 15.3 percent. The rate is divided into 12.4% for social security (old-age, survivors, and disability insurance) and 2.9 percent for Medicare (hospital insurance).

For 2020, any combination of the Social Security part of self-employment tax, Social Security tax, or railroad retirement (tier 1) tax will apply to the first $137,700 of your total salary, tips, and net earnings. For 2021, the sum has been increased to $142,800. (For prior-year SE tax rates, see the Schedule SE for that year.)

All of your current year’s combined salaries, tips, and net profits are liable to the 2.9 percent Medicare portion of the Self-Employment tax, Social Security tax, or railroad retirement (tier 1) tax.

Do not pay the 12.4 percent social security component of the SE tax on any of your net profits if your salaries and tips are subject to either social security tax or the Tier 1 part of railroad retirement tax, or both, and total at least $137,700. However, the 2.9 percent Medicare portion of the SE tax must be paid on all of your net earnings.

How to Pay Self-Employment Tax

You must have a Social Security number (SSN) or an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) to pay self-employment tax (ITIN).

If you don’t have a Social Security number, fill out Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card. This form is available at any Social Security office or over the phone at (800) 772-1213. The form can be downloaded from the website for the Social Security Number and Card.

If you are a non-resident or resident alien who does not have or is not qualified for an SSN, the IRS will give you an ITIN. Fill out Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number PDF, to apply for an ITIN.

As a self-employed person, you may be required to file Estimated quarterly Taxes. You can pay your self-employment tax with these predicted tax payments. For more information on paying your self-employment tax with Estimated taxes, see the Estimated Taxes page and Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax.

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Banking

What Are the Benefits of Online Banking?

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Many people these days turn to the internet for all sorts of purposes from doing their regular shopping to socializing, streaming movies, and much more. Another thing that a lot of people use internet technology for these days is to access financial services such as banking. Having to spend ages queueing up at banks and ATMs has become a thing of the past for many, as people now enjoy the many great benefits of online banking.

In years gone by, looking after your spending, saving, and checking accounts could be a challenge. You had to go through reams of paperwork, spend a lot of time at the bank to make transactions, spend hours glued to the phone, and more. These days, all you have to do is to logon, and you can choose from a wide range of online accounts such as a Chime spending account. In this article, we will look at some of the many benefits of online banking.

Some of the Main Benefits

There are many benefits that come with online banking, and this is why more and more people have turned to this solution over recent years. Some of the major benefits that you can look forward to when you opt for online banking are:

Avoiding Queues and Inconvenience

One of the major benefits for many people these days is that they can avoid the lengthy queues and inconvenience of having to go to the bank. If you have to visit the branch for various transactions, you could find yourself wasting a lot of time simply hanging around or having to travel to and from the bank to get your finances sorted out. When you have online banking, all you need to do is log into your account and you can sort out any transactions with ease and speed.

Saving Time and Hassle

Another of the benefits of doing your banking online is that you can save yourself a huge amount of time and hassle. This is something that many people are looking for, as they already have enough on their plates with work and family commitments. Rather than wasting time on lengthy phone calls where you are passed from pillar to post, you can just go online at your convenience to conduct transactions. In addition, you save yourself the time involved in going to a branch in order to deal with your banking.

Staying in Control of Finances

When you have access to online banking facilities, you will find it much easier to stay in control of your finances. You can see what is going on with your account at a glance, and this means that you can stay on top of your spending, transactions, income, and more. You can do this from the safety and privacy of your own home at a time that suits you.

These are some of the many benefits that you can look forward to when you turn to online banking. 

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Personal Finance

3 Times You Need Money Advice From a Human

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You can now manage most aspects of your money without ever consulting another human being. You can budget, borrow, save, invest, buy insurance, prepare your tax return and create a will — among many other tasks — by using apps, websites and software.

But technology still has limitations, especially when you’re facing a money situation that’s complex or involves judgment calls. Consider consulting a human expert in the following situations:

1. You’re dropped by your homeowners insurance

Insurers typically can’t cancel a policy after 60 days unless you fail to pay premiums, commit fraud or make serious misrepresentations on your application, according to the Insurance Information Institute, a trade group. However, insurers can decide not to renew your policy when it expires.

With auto insurance, you often have many options after such a “non-renewal.” Even if you’ve had accidents or multiple claims, you typically can find coverage with companies that specialize in higher-risk drivers.

If a homeowners insurance company dumps you, however, you may have trouble finding coverage, says insurance consumer advocate Amy Bach. That’s especially true if you were dropped because you made too many claims, or your area is considered high risk because of wildfires, extreme weather or crime, for example.

How would other companies know? Insurers share such information in databases, and application forms typically ask if you’ve been “non-renewed” by another insurer, Bach says.

Bach’s nonprofit organization, United Policyholders, recommends seeking out an independent agent or broker who has relationships with several insurance companies. The agent or broker should know which insurers may be more receptive to your application and can put in a good word for you, Bach says. While most underwriting decisions are made by computers, there are still ways for human beings to override the algorithms.

“It will make a difference if [the agent or broker] can call an underwriter that they know and vouch for you as a good bet,” Bach says.

If your area has been labeled high risk, ask your neighbors for referrals to agents or brokers who helped them find coverage. Otherwise, you can ask an accountant, attorney or financial planner if they have recommendations. Friends and family may be able to provide leads as well.

2. You’re facing a “face-to-face” tax audit

Most IRS audits are conducted through the mail and are relatively routine. The IRS sends a letter requesting additional documentation to support a deduction or other tax break you’ve taken. If you mail back sufficient evidence, your case will be closed with no taxes owed. Otherwise, the IRS will mail you a bill.

However, if the IRS wants to meet with you, the stakes get much higher. In fiscal year 2020, the average amount of additional taxes recommended in face-to-face audits was nearly 10 times larger than the average for a correspondence audit: $72,210 versus $7,658, according to IRS statistics.

Even tax pros hire someone to represent them in face-to-face audits, says Leonard Wright, a San Diego certified public accountant and financial planner. Wright has plenty of experience: He was chief financial officer of a company that was audited, and his personal tax returns have been audited four times. In each case, he hired another CPA to represent him.

It’s all too easy to say something you shouldn’t when you’re under scrutiny, Wright says. You could volunteer information that might not be helpful to your case, or get defensive or confrontational.

“You don’t want it to become personal, and you don’t want to ruffle the feathers of the auditor,” Wright says.

If you used a tax preparer, you may assume that person can represent you in an audit, but that’s not always the case. Typically CPAs, attorneys and enrolled agents can represent clients in IRS audits, but other tax pros usually can’t. Your tax preparer may be able to refer you to someone who can represent you, or you can get referrals from friends, family or financial advisors.

3. You’re creating an estate plan

Will-making software and estate-planning sites can help you create essential legal documents if money is tight. Otherwise, you should probably consult an attorney, says Betsy Hannibal, senior legal editor for self-help legal site Nolo.

“Why not get personalized advice that’s tailored to your situation, if you can?” Hannibal says.

Getting help is particularly important if you need or want to do something complicated with your estate like putting conditions on a bequest, providing for someone with special needs or creating a trust, she says. You’ll also want an attorney’s help if you have a lot of debt, because there may be ways to protect your assets from creditors. Finally, consult an attorney if you think someone might contest your will. A lawyer can put additional protections into place and serve as a professional witness that you knew what you were doing, Bach says.

“If someone doesn’t think you were in your right mind, going through an attorney can help make sure that (a legal challenge) can’t go forward,” she says.

This article is meant to provide background information and should not be considered legal guidance.

This article was written by NerdWallet and was originally published by the Associated Press.

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